Shocking childhood obesity rates are on the rise and require urgent attention, according to medical experts from all corners of the world.
Professor Denise Wilfley and his team from the Department of Psychiatry at Washington University School of Medicine in the US has remarked that healthcare providers and other professionals who work with the children can make significant contributions in context to creating health awareness by identifying and treating eating and weight-related problems early in children and adolescents.
The authors focus on the causes of eating- and weight-related problems in children and adolescents, attending to the complex interactions between environmental and biological factors, and dysregulated eating behaviors known as appetitive traits.
In particular, the authors discuss binge eating and loss-of-control eating; satiety responsiveness or eating in the absence of hunger; motivation to eat; and impulsivity.
According to them, the most effective strategies to combat childhood obesity are lifestyle behavioral interventions, and those involving the whole family in particular. Family-based behavioral interventions are considered the first-line of treatment for pediatric overweight, and weight maintenance interventions aimed at the socio-environmental context are indicated as well. These interventions promote small, successive changes in children’s dietary and physical activity behaviors.
The paper is published online in Springer’s Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings.
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